What are Open Textbooks?
Open textbooks are typically authored by faculty and published on the web with the support of universities or new commercial companies. This new business model enables free online access to textbooks.
Open textbooks are usually governed by Creative Commons licenses that enable users to download, customize or print the textbook without expressed written consent of the author. In contrast, new commercial companies provide free access to the textbook content online, while charging lower prices for print products and supplemental services.
For information on authoring open textbooks, check out the Authoring Open Textbooks Guide from the Rebus Community. In 2011, the EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative provided a nice overview of the 7 Things You Should Know About Open Textbook Publishing (pdf).
How Can I Find Open Textbooks?
Affordable Learning Georgia’s grant programs and partnerships have led to the creation of open textbooks. View all of these at the GALILEO Open Learning Materials repository.
The MERLOT collection has over 5,500 open textbooks. Click on a link to your subject area and you will get a list of results for open textbooks in the subject and its sub-disciplines. The MERLOT indexing tools enable easy browsing and searching throughout the entire collection of open textbooks.
- Academic Support Services
- Mathematics and Statistics
- Science and Technology
- Social Sciences
Along with MERLOT, check out these other great open textbook sources:
- OpenStax College
- OpenStax CNX
- BCCampus Open Ed
- UMN Open Textbook Library
- Open SUNY
- College Open Textbooks
Why use Open Textbooks?
The publishing industry in general is going through upheaval relative to the sustainability of the print publishing model in this new day of digital information access. As a result, the costs for what has been the standard for college course materials – the printed textbook – has become a major source of expense for students, and for some, a financial barrier to college completion. According to a study of the U.S. Government Accountability Office, the annual average amount spent by college students on textbooks is 26% of the cost of tuition at a public, four-year university. The College Board estimates the annual cost of textbooks and supplies for 2015-2016 at over $1200 per student. Open textbooks are one part of the solution to managing the costs of learning materials for students.